Scroll To Top
Church of England Middleham & Coverdale, East Witton & Thornton Steward

The Parish of Middleham with Coverdale, East Witton & Thornton Steward


Bells and Bell Ringing

Welcome to the bells home page of the Jervaulx Churches website.

Please click on the buttons to the left to select topics of interest.

This year we want to focus on our contribution to “Ringing for Peace: Armistice 100", which is the nationwide bellringers’ contribution to commemorating the final year of the First World War and the Armistice.

We will be ringing in tribute on 11 November 2018

Ringing Co-ordinator:
Jonathan Couchman

07770 302653

Middleham Bells Restoration Project

Patrons: Eileen Harrison-Topham, Richard Craven-Smith-Milnes and Rodney Tennant

Dedicated to the memory of Corporal John Sarginson, Thomas Sarginson and Harold Collinson, Middleham ringers devoted to their bells who gave their lives in the Great War.

Forthcoming events:

  • 23 February 2018 - Cheese and wine with a talk by a Rodney Tennant on “Middleham and the Tennants”.
    Tickets are £7.50 (includes cheese and nibbles but not wine).
    Event organiser: Jonathan Couchman (07770 302653, ).

If you are interested in attending an event, please contact the event organiser named above.

Latest Update

We have held three successful fundraising events so far. As of 22 January, the appeal has raised just over £22,300, including the award of two grants totalling £3,400.  We are therefore well on the way to achieving our target of £25,000.  Whilst we have sufficient funds to pay the bellfounders to do their part of the works, there remain other important tasks to fund to ensure that the bells can be safely rung in Middleham.  Amongst other things, the additional costs include:

  • materials and specialist coatings to de-rust the massive steel frame and treat it to inhibit further rusting
  • coating the walls of the bell chamber to inhibit a constant dropping of dust and grit
  • restoration work on the louvres
  • installation of emergency lighting
  • installation of fire extinguisher(s)

Our volunteer labourers are working incredibly hard to make the belfry ready for the arrival of the bellfounders on 19 March.  In particular, they are cleaning and de-rusting the frame, before applying a rust-resistant primer followed by a paint top coat as well as limewashing the walls of the bell chamber.  Altogether, the work of the volunteers is saving us over £10,000 as compared to having all the work done professionally.

We are registered on BT’s free “mydonate” website, enabling donations to be made by credit or debit card without charge. To make a donation at mydonate follow this link (off-site link, opens in a new tab)

The Story

The moving parts of the Middleham bells are worn out, making it almost impossible to ring some of the bells.  We need to restore the worn out parts to keep the bells ringable.  The engineering work will be carried out by a specialist firm of bellfounders

To donate, please click here (download).

A collage of photos taken at our appeal launch concert on 24 March 2017.

The ringing of church bells is the sound of England.  This part of our heritage is under threat in Middleham because the bell installation has become worn after more than a century of service, and we wish to restore the bells to good order to allow ringing to continue for another century before restoration must again be considered.

Middleham Church has eight bells that were installed in 1911 by John Taylor & Co., bell founders of Loughborough.  The entire installation cost £757 and was managed by the St Alkelda’s Guild of Bell Ringers.  Three of the original members of the Guild were killed in the First World War, namely John Sarginson, Thomas Sarginson and Harold Collinson.  After a century of use, the bearings of the bells and pulleys over which the ropes move are worn out and must be replaced for the bells to keep ringing for another century.  We are therefore seeking a fund of £25,000 to restore the bells to good condition.

We know that John Sarginson, Thomas Sarginson and Harold Collinson were original members of the St Alkelda’s Guild of Bell Ringers because the ringing chamber contains a peal board that says so:

John Sarginson enlisted in the West Yorkshire Regiment (Prince of Wales’s Own) and died in the Battle of the Somme on 4 July 2016 at the age of 27, and is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial. Harold Collinson enlisted in the Northumberland Fusiliers and died on 26 October 2017 at the age of 30.  He is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial.  Thomas Sarginson died on 1 June 1918, aged 27 and a member of the Lincolnshire Regiment.  His grave is in the Sissonne British Cemetery.  All three are entered in the Memorial Book of Church Bell-Ringers Who Fell in the Great War: "They whom this book commemorates, were numbered among those, who, at the call of King and Country, left all that was dear to them, endured hardness, faced danger, and finally passed out of the sight of men by the path of duty and self sacrifice, giving up their own lives that others might live in freedom.”

The bells themselves are of outstanding tone and are widely recognised for their fine quality.  We have been told that the bells themselves are as good as those of York Minster – and we actually ring them! John Taylor & Co, who will carry out the restoration work, said of the Middleham bells:

“The bells are amongst the finest ever cast in our foundry.”

Though the bells are outstanding, the moving parts (bell bearings and rope pulleys) have become badly worn, making the bells increasingly difficult to ring.  The poor condition of the installation currently deters or prevents ringing by some less experienced or older ringers and makes it more difficult for all ringers. The condition will continue to deteriorate and the bells will in time become unringable. We would like to preserve the heritage of bellringing in Middleham for at least a further century by having the bearings and rope pulleys replaced by the same firm that installed them in 1911, namely John Taylor & Co of Loughborough. 

Middleham are a superb example of bell founding and hanging but over 100 years on they do require bringing back into first class condition.”
(Andrew Aspland, President of the Yorkshire Association of Change Ringers)

In 2016, John Taylor & Co undertook a first phase of the restoration project, which was refurbishment of the clappers. The cost of over £1600 was met by the restoration committee.  For the second phase, the replacement of the bearings and pulleys requires specialist and exacting engineering, not least because the bells have a considerable weight that not only makes for potentially difficult handling but also could pose a safety hazard unless the work is correctly performed. We therefore seek a fund of £25,000. We already have just over £3,300 in the bell fund, primarily provided by the restoration committee, and the balance will be raised through a combination of grants and donations.

To donate, please click here (download).

First phase:

Refurbish the clappers

Second phase:

Replace the bearings and the pulleys (pulleys not shown on diagram below)

The above images and text are copies with thanks from the website of the Worcestershire & Districts Change Ringing Association (

Parish Bells

Bells were wonderfully popular in England from Saxon times onwards, gaining for it the reputation of the “Ringing Island”.  But it is from the time of the Reformation that the most truly English of all bell-ringing activities, “change ringing, came into being.  It is the most tuneful, technically difficult and popular of all uses to which bells have been put.  “Change ringing” is to change the sequence in which the bells are rung while ringing them.

Our parish has two churches with bells for change ringing, namely Middleham and East Witton, and a single band of friendly ringers to ring the bells.  To find out more, follow the links on the left.

Middleham Bells

Upon a Ring of Bells

Bells have wide mouths and tongues, but are too weak,
Have they not help, to sing, or talk, or speak.
But if you move them they will mak't appear,
By speaking they'll make all the Town to hear.

When Ringers handle them with Art and Skill,
They then the ears of their Observers fill,
With such brave Notes, they ting and tang so well
As to out strip all with their ding, dong, Bell.
                                    John Bunyan, 1686

Ringing Co-ordinator:
Jonathan Couchman
07770 302653

Ringing and Learning to Ring

bell ringing

We have a single band of friendly and committed ringers to ring the bells of East Witton and Middleham churches.  We ring for as many Sunday services as possible, with most of us ringing for a single service each Sunday but some ringing for services at both churches.  Of course, there are other occasions to ring for, notably weddings, and we meet for weekly practices. Occasionally, we travel to another tower to ring or have a social event without ringing, such as our annual dinner.

Not all of our bellringers attend church services, though many do and for many the main purpose of ringing is to call parishioners to worship.  There’s an inscription in a Devon church which explains it all:

"That folk may come to church in time, I chime;
When pleasure’s on the wing, I ring;
To speed the parting soul, I toll."

Bell ringing always starts with ringing ‘Rounds’, that is the highest tuned bell (the Treble) rings first and then down the scale to the bell with the lowest note (the Tenor). We will then change the order of the bells by swapping the position of at least one bell with a bell ringing either immediately before it or immediately after it. In this way, the bells ring in changing order to create the evocative sound of English bell ringing. The same bell cannot ring twice in immediate succession, and each bell can change position only by moving one position up or down the sequence, and for this reason ordinary tunes cannot be rung – with rare exceptions.

Practice Times

We practice at 7.30 p.m. on Tuesdays. We practice at Middleham on Wednesdays: on the last Wednesday of the month we have a full practice at 7.30 but otherwise we have an improvers practice at 8.00 p.m. If you are not a regular member of the band, please use the contact details below to check in advance.

The Middleham bells are due to be out of commission for restoration from about Monday 19 March 2018 to about Friday 18 May 2018.

Interested in learning?

Almost anybody can learn to ring bells, from the age of about 10 upwards. That is not to say that ringing is easy: it requires physical skill (not necessarily strength) and concentration to ring the bells in the right sequence and at the right time. It can provide a lifelong hobby that always leaves more to learn.  Ringing gives the body a gentle work out and the mind a more demanding one: it is therefore good for health and for maintaining mental faculties with age. As well as gaining all this, by ringing bells you preserve part of our living heritage.

Bellringers are a friendly lot and, if you learn to ring, you will be made welcome at any bellringing tower that you go to.

If you are interested in learning to ring bells, please get in touch via the contact details below.

Contact Details

If you would like to know more about ringing or to check practice times, please contact Jonathan Couchman, either by email to or via mobile phone 07770 302653.

Middleham Bell Inscriptions

Each of the bells of Middleham Church, cast in 1911 by John Taylor & Co, bears an inscription identifying the donor.  The inscriptions are recorded in the Inscription Book of John Taylor & Co, from which the following are reproduced:

Bell 1 (Treble)
We are cast to the Glory of God
Grace Topham Gave Me

Bell 2
For God and the King I Ring
In memory of Edward Clough Topham
Sophie Gave Me

Bell 3
I call to Prayer
In memory of Ann Topham
Nephew and Niece Gave Me

Bell 4
I call to Worship
Jim and May Birch Gave Me

Bell 5
St Alkelda’s Name I Keep
The Parish Gave Me
H.G. Topham   Rector
Henry Pauli   Churchwarden
A Eyles   Churchwarden

Bell 6
What I Gave I Have
John Breare Gave Me 1824
Recast 1911

Bell 7
Hear my Voice, O God!
Harry and Edith Topham Gave Me

Bell 8 (tenor)
Time Passes, God Calls
Lupton and Joan Topham Gave Me


Ring Out Wild Bells

Reflections on Middleham Bells by Nigelle Munro 1999

Middleham Church bells

Important events in the lives of people and nations have always been marked by the sound of bells, joyous peals for celebration and tolling for mourning. During the last war the ringing of church bells was to have been warning of a German invasion - happily, this was never necessary. In Middleham and East Witton we have fine peals of bells and dedicated ringers. We shall be able to celebrate the millennium in fine style.

I have been lent a treasure. The family of the late Harry Parrish, a notable bellringer for fifty-eight years and captain of the Guild of Middleham Bellringers since the end of the First World War, have entrusted me, a mere incomer, only resident for a paltry ten years ,with Harry's notebook. This treasure is full of yellowed press cuttings, cards to commemorate 5040 changes of grandsire triples, old photographs and lists compiled by Harry. It ends with the press reports of his death on February 23rd. 1968.

From this collection, I have learned that the earliest mention of Middleham bells is 1640, when one of the two bells was recast. A note in the Parish Register of 1684 states that: “The great bell was cast the 28th day of August and was hung the 11th of September”. So in the 18th. century services were announced by three bells. In 1824, John Breare, Esq. gave a ring of six bells and a local humourist produced this rather less than elegant verse:

Oh, Middleham is a pleasant place and seated by a moor

Where they train horses for to race that never raced before.

But in the winter time, it's often cold and dreary

So now they've got six bells to chime, put up by Mr Breary.

Our present peal of eight bells are the gift of the Rev. H.G. Topham and other members of his family. Like the bells of York Minster they were supplied by Messrs. Taylor and in June of 1911 the Bishop of Knaresborough came to dedicate them. The ringers, who at that time were famous and very active and claimed record performances of such mysteries as Kent Treble Bob Major, 5056 changes, which would have rocked the tower, were in fact putting themselves in danger. When Mr Breare's bells were installed nearly a hundred years earlier, they were hung on two huge base beams, which had supported the three old bells. The beams were decayed at the ends, so they were "spliced and bolted”. By 1911, when Taylors came to install the new bells, “the old bell frame on removal was found to be very decayed and the joints on the weather side of the tower quite perished”. It was indeed fortunate for Harry and the rest of the Guild that this state of affairs was discovered in time.

Harry joined the ringers when he was 16. One of his lists names 42 churches which he visited. He rang 12 times at West Hartlepool, and in all, he made 324 visits to churches, mostly in Yorkshire, which gives some idea how well-known was the Middleham Guild in the area. Also they were renowned for their skill with handbells and had the honour of performing before Neville Chamberlain when he was staying at Swinton Castle. After his death in 1940, a letter conveys the ex-premier's wife's thanks for their sympathy.

Middleham is a source of endless fascination. From a shabby exercise book names and faces, some of the faces well known but rather younger, and facts and stories of a Middleham that was quieter, smaller but still the same in essence. I wish I had met Harry, but his smiling face behind those big glasses, and the notes and cuttings he treasured, bring back something of the character of a man who loved and worked for our town and earned the respect of visitors and locals alike.

Nigelle Munro


Reflections on East Witton Bells by the late Muir Temple

East Witton Village

There have been bells in East Witton for at least a couple of centuries. To be sure, the old church in Lowthorpe had no tower, only a bell turret and when this church was demolished in 1809 its two bells were, it is said, sold to a new church then being built in Cottingham. Are they still there? Almost their last ring here must have been when "mischievous youngsters climbed up the outside, tingled (sic) the bells and were pursued by Miss Howson, the Vicar's daughter".

In recent years, thanks largely to the enthusiasm, patience and skill of Mr Tom Oakshott, the sound of church bells has once more become a regular feature in East Witton and also in Middleham. Most people seem to be glad of this and to have enjoyed the peals which welcomed the new millennium. There are, of course, a few dissentient voices ranging from the well-meaning ("What a blessing the wind blows mainly from the west"), and the disingenuous ("Bells? What bells?”) to the acid ("Oh, I like bells - when they're rung properly”). We ringers are, however, on a learning curve and must crave indulgence. What was written in the Parish Magazine of January 1947 is equally true today:-

"Our team of ringers is advancing. Not content with ‘ringing round’ and 'call    changes’ they are now tackling change-ringing proper and working hard at methods."

Change-ringing was practised, remarkably enough, from the time in 1812 when the bells were hung as a gift of the Marquis of Ailesbury. In this respect East Witton was the leader in the district. This was due to one William Tebbs who came from Leeds to work on the building of the present church. He taught the first band of ringers and later became noted as a composer of methods.

The bells are dated 1809 and, like most of the bells of any size in the neighbourhood, bear the name of T. Mears of London. Other, larger, places had their ring of six bells earlier, Richmond in 1739, Bedale 1755, Masham 1766 and Northallerton in 1802. Middleham followed some fifteen years after East Witton. East Witton's are by far the lightest and the magazine of May 1912 asserts rather snootily, "as weight adds to the beauty of tone, they are hardly worthy of the noble tower or of its tradition as pioneer of change-ringing in Wensleydale”. Ringers today may not altogether agree with this, but they will agree, if somewhat diffidently, with these trenchant words written in the magazine of January 1914: "Bell-ringing is a service of both sacrifice and effort. Each member of the peal has to feel that there is a call to him for practice and for sacrifice. It is an office in which none can be spared." So next time you hear a clash, remember: Don't shoot the bell-ringers - they are doing their best!  

If the above note about bells and bell-ringers gave the impression that the belfry is a place of solemn and earnest endeavour with no scope for fun, perhaps a few words about the lighter side may be in order. Certainly, though the ringing itself demands total concentration and co-operation, there is no shortage of laughter and the atmosphere in the belfry sometimes resembles that of a rather unruly classroom.

Occasionally this is provoked by visitors, for example the couple who asked if they could join in saying, by way of apology that they had only some forty-five years' experience. They then proceeded to ring with astonishing accuracy and to bark out orders with such rapidity and in such rich Devonian accents as to throw us into complete and hilarious chaos. Or the American who burst in, demanded to have a go, seized a rope, gave it a confident but ill-advised yank and was at once swept off his feet and almost into orbit. Or again the lady who, having listened with increasing contempt to my explanation of the mechanics of bell-ringing, retorted "What a waste of man-power. In Germany we have a switch”.

There must have been much merriment when the bells first came. As the Parish Magazine of May 1812 records: "The bells arrived when Mr. C. Bucktin was at dinner, but dinner was forgotten in his eagerness to see them. The treble bell was turned upside down and it became a loving-cup for the nonce. It was filled with beer and doubtless the ringers drank success to the bells and those who would manipulate them." The first peal was rung, understandably some little time later, on August 7th, 1812. The bells had cost about £400. The cost of the beer is not recorded.

Over the following years there must have been many outings for the ringers. Here is the magazine's account of the one which in 1910 took the form of an excursion to Blackpool. "A pleasant day was spent notwithstanding the rain which fell heavily in the afternoon. Unfortunately aviation was impossible and our East Witton folks had an additional disappointment in consequence. We must evidently wait a little longer before we get a sight of the flying men. Possibly, however, we may have aviation so common in the future that these graceful machines may be found startling the curlews on Witton Fell." I shall think of that when the next Tornado startles me on Witton Fell!

We are left to guess how the ringers overcame their disappointment but the passage ends with just a hint of pious reproof. "We hear that the return journey was not accomplished till 2 a.m. - a time certainly when all good East Witton folk (except the Bellringers) were in bed."

Finally, in answer to the lady who considers Middleham's ringers to be better than East Witton's, we are in fact one and the same team. This is, after all, a united parish!

Muir Temple